22 Facts about The Amazon Rainforest
- The Amazon rainforest produces 20% of the Earth’s oxygen.
- The Amazon represents more than half of the Earth’s rainforests.
- During the past 40 years, at least 20% of the Amazon rainforest has been cut down.
- The Amazon rainforest encompasses an area of 5,500,000 sq kilometers (2,100,000 sq mi), two times the size of Argentina.
- The name “Amazon” comes from the “Amazons” of Greek mythology, a race of woman warriors. In many tribes of the area, women fought alongside the men.
- Sand from the Sahara is blown by the wind all the way to the Amazon, recharging its minerals. The desert literally fertilizes the rainforest.
- Human inhabitants first settled in the Amazon rainforest at least 11,200 years ago.
- The Amazon rainforest has been in existence for at least 55 million years.
- 1 in 10 known species in the world lives in the Amazon Rainforest.
- There are no bridges over the Amazon River.
- The Amazon River once flowed in the opposite direction, from east to west.
- Almost four hundred billion trees belonging to 16,000 different species grow in the Amazon rainforest.
- Amazonian Butterflies Drink Turtle Tears.
- While most of the Amazon rainforest is in Brazil (60%), it’s also in Peru (13%), Colombia (10%), Venezuela, Ecuador, Bolivia, and three countries.
- There’s an underground river 4 KM (2.4 mi) beneath the Amazon River in Brazil, that might be as long, but hundreds of times wider.
- In 2008, Norway donated US$1 billion to help save the Amazon rainforest.
- The Amazon River discharges 5 times as much water as any other river on the planet.
- The Amazon Rainforest is home to about 2.5 million insect species.
- Over 40,000 plant species, 2,200 fishes, 1,200 birds, 420 mammals, 420 amphibians, and 370 reptiles have been scientifically classified in the Amazon region.
- Iquitos, Peru is the largest city in the world inaccessible by road. It’s located deep in the Amazon rainforest and has over 400,000 people.
- A study in 1999 found 1 sq kilometer (247 acres) of the Amazon rainforest can contain about 90,790 tonnes of living plants.
- As many as 60 tribes remain largely uncontacted in the Amazon or live in voluntary isolation.
Forests are a vital part of our environment; they’re the home to trees and other living things that are important to everyday life. To help prevent forests from being destroyed, there are lots of ways you can spread awareness and help out in the process.
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